Dash Digital Cash

Dash is a fork of Bitcoin that focuses on the payments use case. It has introduced a number of features to the industry including masternodes, LLMQs, ChainLocks, and InstantSend, which target scalability, speed, reliability, cost-effectiveness, and user experience. The Dash network is also the longest-running decentralized autonomous organization, utilizing on-chain governance to allocate network resources toward projects and organizations that support the network.

Background

Dash originally was architected by founder Evan Duffield and a small group of other individuals who collaborated to create an alternative to Bitcoin that would enhance user experience by providing transaction speed that could facilitate everyday use as well as greater control over transaction privacy. They believed competing virtual currencies were not as viable for use in ordinary purchases, such as buying a cup of coffee, because transactions can take too long to confirm. In pursuit of this goal Dash created a two-tier network with incentivized nodes and decentralized project governance (Masternodes), instantly settled payments (InstantSend), instantly immutable blockchain (ChainLocks), and optional privacy (PrivateSend).

The Dash Network is governed by masternodes, powerful servers backed by collateral held in Dash designed to provide advanced services securely and governance over Dash's proposal system. In exchange for part of the block reward, masternodes provide a second layer of services to the network. They facilitate advanced functions such as InstantSend, PrivateSend, and ChainLocks, which protects Dash against 51% mining attacks.

Dash governance system, or treasury, distributes 10% of the block rewards for development of the project in a competitive and decentralized way. This has allowed the creation of many funded organizations, including Dash Core Group, Inc. (DCG), which supports continued development, integrations and other activities of Dash.

Technology

Dash originally was architected by founder Evan Duffield and a small group of other individuals who collaborated to create an alternative to Bitcoin that would enhance user experience by providing transaction speed that could facilitate everyday use as well as greater control over transaction privacy. They believed competing virtual currencies were not as viable for use in ordinary purchases, such as buying a cup of coffee, because transactions can take too long to confirm. Dash provides holders with a feature called InstantSend, which allows holders to send Dash on the Network and receive confirmation of their transactions instantly. Another feature Dash provides is PrivateSend, which provides enhanced privacy by mixing Dash of several holders before transmitting the Dash, thereby creating uncertainty regarding the source of the Dash being transferred (though transactions are still recorded on the blockchain and remain traceable when this feature is used). Utilizing PrivateSend makes it difficult for third parties to monitor the total value of a holder’s electronic wallet (described in detail below), thereby providing greater protection from increasingly frequent criminal attacks (both digital and physical) targeted at individuals and entities holding significant digital assets.

“Masternodes” are nodes that perform specialized functions on the Network, including processing InstantSend and PrivateSend transactions. Operators of masternodes receive compensation payable in Dash for performing such services (as described below). Any holder can operate a masternode or change an existing node into a masternode by downloading specific software, and demonstrating that such holder has a transaction output storing a sum of exactly 1,000 Dash. Masternode status is maintained for so long as the operator continues to hold that transaction output storing exactly 1,000 Dash and the masternode adequately services user requests. If the transaction output is used as an input in a transaction, the Network automatically strips the holder of its status as a masternode and its ability to carry out the specialized functions. In addition, masternodes are subject to proof-of-service; if masternodes fail to provide services to the network, they are banned from the masternode layer of the network and discontinue receiving compensation. Operators of masternodes maintain custody and control of the 1,000 Dash collateral at all times. The 1,000 Dash is not pooled or used for collective projects or investments, and they are not paid interest or dividends on their Dash. A holder can operate multiple masternodes provided that each masternode maintains the requisite 1,000 Dash.

InstantSend details: https://blog.dash.org/deterministic-masternode-list-and-automatic-instantsend-now-live-f2028d833388 ; PrivateSend details: https://docs.dash.org/en/stable/introduction/features.html#privatesendprivatesend;

Related News